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# Applied physics 1 for polytechnic pdf in hindi | Applied physics book pdf download in hindi 2021-2022

Thursday, November 25, 2021
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## Applied physics 1 for polytechnic pdf in hindi | Applied physics book pdf download in hindi 2021-2022

Learning Outcomes:

Name of the Organization | Board of Technical Education Uttar Pradesh (BTEUP) |

Name of the exam | BTEUP examination 2021 |

Course | Diploma / Polytechnic |

Examination Year Semester | 1st, 2nd, 3rd |

Category | BTEUP Syllabus 2021 |

Status of BTEUP Exam Syllabus | Available here |

Location | Uttar Pradesh State, India |

Official website | bteup.ac.in |

After undergoing this course, the students must be able to:

- Identify the use of S.I. system of measurement with accuracy and how it is used in engineering
- Represent physical quantities as scalars and vectors, applying the physical laws and concepts of linear and circular motion in everyday life.
- Solve difficult problems (walking of man, horse and cart problem, flying of bird/ aircraft, etc.)
- Analyse and design banking of roads/railway tracks and apply conservation of momentum principle to Explain rocket propulsion, recoil of gun etc.
- Derive work, power and energy relationship and solve problems about work and power.
- Define work, energy and power and their units.
- Describe conservation of energy and its applications
- Understand the concept of rotational motion of a rigid body and its applications
- Apply the physical laws and concepts of gravity, its variation with longitude and latitude and its uses in space satellite etc. .
- Understand the concept of elasticity, surface tension, pressure and the laws governing movement of fluids.
- Express physical work in term of heat and temperature; Measure temperature in various processes on different scales (Celsius, Kelvin, Fahrenheit etc.)
- Distinguish between conduction, convection and radiation, identify the different methods for reducing heat losses
- Understand the laws of thermodynamics, Carnot cycle and their applications.

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## 2nd Semester Common paper 'Applied Physics 2nd' Question Bank PDF

## पढ़े जाने वाले अध्यायों का सारांश -

- तरंग गति एवं इसकी विशेषताएँ - इस अध्याय में हम विभिन्न प्रकार की तरंग एवं उनकी गति तथा तरंग के विभिन्न समीकरणों का अध्ययन करेंगे।

- ध्वनि के लक्षण एवं पराध्वनि- इस अध्याय में हम ध्वनि के लक्षण, ध्वनि के समीकरणों तथा ध्वनि के विभिन्न तरंगों के बारे में अध्ययन करेंगे।

- तरंग प्रकाशिकी - इस अध्याय में हम प्रकाश की किरणों से संबंधित महत्वपूर्ण तथ्य, प्रकाश के अपवर्तन तथा विवर्तन, प्रकाश के प्रगामी अप्रगामी तरंगों तथा इनके अंतरों के बारे में अध्ययन करेंगे।

- स्थिर वद्युतिकी - इस अध्याय में हम आवेश, आवेश की विभिन्न प्रकार तथा इस पर निर्धारित विभिन्न प्रकार की समीकरणों व नियमों का अध्ययन करेंगे।

- वैद्युत धारा - इस अध्याय में हम विद्युत, विद्युत के चालक तथा विद्युत के प्रतिरोधों व इनके विभिन्न संयोजनों के बारे में अध्ययन करेंगे।

- अर्धचालक भौतिकी - इस अध्याय में हम विभिन्न प्रकार के चालक-अर्धचालक, विभिन्न प्रकार के डायोड तथा विभिन्न प्रकार के ट्रांजिस्टरों व संधियों के बारे में अध्ययन करेंगे।

- आधुनिक भौतिकी - इस अध्याय में हम विभिन्न प्रकार के ऑप्टिकल फाइबर लेजर अदि के नियमों तथा अंतरों का अध्ययन करेंगे।

- चुम्बकीय पदार्थ एवं उनके गुण - इस अध्याय में विभिन्न प्रकार के चुंबकीय पदार्थ, चुंबकीय क्षेत्र, चुंबकीय प्रतिष्ठान मैसनर प्रभाव तथा चुंबकीय परमाणविक मॉडल आदि का अध्ययन करेंगे।

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**applied physics 2021-2022 2 for polytechnic pdf in english**

## 1. Units and Dimensions (10 Periods)

- Need of Measurement in engineering and science, unit of a physical quantities -fundamental and derived units, systems of units (FPS, CGS and SI units)
- Dimensions and dimensional formulae of physical quantities.
- Principle of homogeneity of dimensions
- Dimensional equations and their applications, conversion of numerical values of physical quantities from one system of units into another, checking the correctness of physical equations and deriving relations among various physical quantities
- Limitations of dimensional analysis
- Error in measurement, accuracy and precision of instruments, random and systematic errors, absolute error, relative error, and percentage error, Estimation of probable errors in the results of measurement (combination of errors in addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and powers), rules for representing significant figures in calculation.
- Application of units and dimensions in measuring length, diameter, circumference, volume, surface area etc. of metallic and non metallic blocks, wires, pipes etc (at least two each).

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## 2. Force And Motiton (10 periods)

## 3. Work, Power and Energy (10 periods)

- Work: and its units, examples of zero work, positive work and negative work, conservative and non-conservative force,
- Friction: modern concept, types, laws of limiting friction, Coefficient of friction and its Engineering Applications.
- Work done in moving an object on horizontal and inclined plane for rough and plane surfaces with its applications
- Energy and its units: Kinetic energy and potential energy with examples and their derivation, work energy theorem.
- Principle of conservation of mechanical energy for freely falling bodies, examples of transformation of energy.
- Power and its units, calculation of power in numerical problems
- Application of Friction in brake system of moving vehicles, bicycle, scooter, car trains etc.

## 4. Rotational Motion (10 periods)

- Concept of translatory and rotatory motions with examples
- Definition of torque with examples
- Angular momentum, Conservation of angular momentum (quantitative) and its examples
- Moment of inertia and its physical significance, radius of gyration for rigid body, Theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes (statements only), Moment of inertia of rod, disc, ring and sphere (hollow and solid) (Formulae only). Concept of Fly wheel.
- Rotational kinetic energy, Rolling of sphere on the slant plane
- Comparison of linear motion and rotational motion.
- Application of rotational motions in transport vehicles, and machines.

## 5. Motion of planets and satellites (08 periods)

## 6. Properties of Matter (12 periods)

- Elasticity: definition of stress and strain, different types of modulii of elasticity, Hooke’s law, significance of stress strain curve
- Pressure: definition, its units, atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure, absolute pressure, Fortin’s Barometer and its applications
- Surface tension: concept, its units, angle of contact, Capillary action and determination of surface tension from capillary rise method, applications of surface tension, effect of temperature and impurity on surface tension
- Viscosity and coefficient of viscosity: Terminal velocity, Stoke’s law and effect of temperature on viscosity, application in hydraulic systems.
- Concept of fluid motion, stream line and turbulent flow, Reynold’s number Equation of continuity, Bernoulli’s Theorem and their applications.

## applied physics 2021-2022 1 for polytechnic pdf

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## 7. Heat and Thermodynamics (10 periods)

- Difference between heat and temperature
- Modes of transfer of heat (Conduction, convection and radiation with examples)
- Different scales of temperature and their relationship
- Expansion of solids, liquids and gases, coefficient of linear, surface and cubical expansions and relation amongst them
- Heat conduction in a metal rod, Temperature gradient, Concept of Co-efficient of thermal conductivity, Uses and effects of Heat conduction in Daily life.
- Isothermal and Adibatic process
- Zeroth, First and second law of thermodynamics, Heat engine (concept Only), Carnot cycle.
- Application of various systems of thermometry in refrigeration and airconditioning etc.

## List of Experiments:

- To find radius of wire and its volume and the maximum permissible error in these quantities by using both verniercalipers and screw gauge.
- To find the value of acceleration due to gravity on the surface of earth by using a simple pendulum.
- To determine the Radius of curvature of
- convex mirror,
- concave mirror by spherometer
- To verify parallelogram law of forces
- To study conservation of energy of a ball or cylinder rolling down an inclined plane.
- To find the Moment of Inertia of a flywheel about its axis of rotation
- To determine the atmospheric pressure at a place using Fortin’s Barometer
- To determine the viscosity of glycerin by Stoke’s method
- To determine the coefficient of linear expansion of a metal rod
- To determine force constant of spring using Hooks law

Instructional Strategy:

Teacher may use various teaching aids like live models, charts, graphs and experimental kits etc. for imparting effective instructions in the subject. The teacher should explain about field applications before teaching the basics to develop proper understanding of the physical phenomenon. Use of demonstration and animations can make the subject interesting and may develop scientific temper in the students. Teacher must plan a tour of Science Park/planetarium available in nearby areas in order to enhance the interest in this course.

Means of Assessment:

- Assignment & Quiz,
- Mid-Term and End-Term written test,
- Model Making,
- Actual Lab & Practical Work,
- VivaVoice

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## Text Books:

- Text Book of Physics for Class XI (Part-I, Part-II); N.C.E.R.T., Delhi
- Concepts in Physics by HC Verma, Vol. I & II, Bharti Bhawan Ltd. New Delhi
- Comprehensive Practical Physics, Vol, I & II, JN Jaiswal, Laxmi Publications (P) Ltd., New Delhi
- B.Sc.Practical Physics by C L Arora, S. Chand Publication. .
- Engineering Physics by PV Naik, Pearson Education Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi
- Engineering Physics by DK Bhhatacharya& Poonam Tandan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi
- Modern Engineering Physics by SL Gupta, Sanjeev Gupta, Dhanpat Rai Publications
- V. Rajendran,physics-I, Tata McGraw-Hill raw Hill publication, New Delhi
- Arthur Beiser, Applied Physics, Tata McGraw-Hill raw Hill publication, New Delhi
- Physics Volume 1, 5th edition, Haliday Resnick and Krane, Wiley publication

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